Authors:Kris Zyp, Dustin Machi

dojox.rpc.Service is the foundation of most RPC transportation. To use a Service, you need an SMD. Defining the SMD is a separate discussion, so for now we’ll reuse some pre-defined SMD’s available in the RPC project’s SMDLibrary/ folder.

First, you need the code:


There are several transports/envelopes that are defined in separate modules to minimize the size of dojox.rpc.Service. These must also be loaded if they are used by the SMD:

All of the provided SMDLibrary SMD’s are based on JSONP, and consequently require If you define your own SMD with a local target endpoint, is not needed.

Starting a Service

Service is a constructor, returning a pointer to the API defined in the SMD.

var goog = new dojox.rpc.Service(dojo.moduleUrl("dojox.rpc", "SMDLibrary/google.smd"));

The google.smd file is located in a fixed location, available from dojo.moduleUrl calculations.

If the argument passed to new Service() is an object, it is assumed to be the direct service definition:

var goog = null;
   url: dojo.moduleUrl("dojox.rpc", "SMDLibrary/google.smd"),
   handleAs: "json",
   load: function(data){
       goog = new dojox.rpc.Service(data);

Or if it is a string, it will be treated as a URL, and the above code will be run for you:

// assuming your dojox/ is in js/
var goog = new dojox.rpc.Service("js/dojox/rpc/SMDLibrary/google.smd");

Additionally, in 1.2 you are able to take advantage of scriptFrame transport, which will divert all traffic through a hidden iframe, preventing other io.script processes from being ‘blocked’ while they wait on response data. Simply provide a frameDoc attribute and passed as an optional parameter to the constructor:

var goog = new dojox.rpc.Service("js/dojox/rpc/SMDLibrary/google.smd", {

An iframe will be created if one cannot be found.

Using a Service

Service, like io.script, works around Dojo’s built in Deferred system, providing asynchronous communication around a familiar API. Once we’ve created our Service from an SMD, the methods defined in the SMD are available through the return handle provided.

var goog = new dojox.rpc.Service(dojo.moduleUrl("dojox.rpc.SMDLibrary", "google.smd"));
goog.webSearch({ q:"Dojo Toolkit" }).then(
       // in this particular RPC call, the results you seek are:
       // an error occurred. timeout, bad data, etc.

This will trigger a web search for the phrase “Dojo Toolkit”, and fire your callback function when complete.

If you are unfamiliar with Deferreds, you should dig deeper. You will thank us later.

Creating your own SMD

Please see the SMD specification for a definition of the SMD format and how to define your own.

Error in the documentation? Can’t find what you are looking for? Let us know!