dojox.mvc

Authors:Rahul Akolkar, Ed Chatelain
Developers:Rahul Akolkar, Ed Chatelain
since:V1.7

Introduction

Enterprise Rich Internet Applications (RIAs) often focus more on rich data vs. the rich media aspects of RIAs more typical of consumer applications. For example, such RIAs depend on implementing the well-known CRUD operations on data stored in back-end systems. The dojox.mvc project focuses on separation of MVC concerns on the client, thereby on easing development of data-rich applications and accelerating the authoring of applications to Create, Read, Update, and Delete data using a set of Dojo-based patterns.

This project is useful across form factors. For example, it may be used with dijit as well as dojox.mobile.

We begin by introducing a first-class client-side data model based on dojo.Stateful and extending Dojo Form widgets with support for the Model-View-Control (MVC) pattern key to separating data from presentation in user interface design. This basic MVC pattern allows for the flexible reuse of each of the Model, View, and Control artifacts by application authors in varying configurations.

Usage

Loading the basic dojox.mvc codebase is extremely simple.

require([
    "dojox/mvc", // load the basic MVC support, including the data binding mixin
    "dojox/mvc/Group" // load other MVC containers, as needed by the application
], function(mvc, Group){
    // ...
});

dojox.mvc can also be loaded using the legacy dojo.require API:

// Load the basic MVC support, including the data binding mixin.
dojo.require("dojox.mvc");

// Load other MVC containers, as needed by the application.
dojo.require("dojox.mvc.Group");

Examples

Basic example, input-output sync:

// Load the parser, we'll use the declarative data binding syntax (ref).
dojo.require("dojo.parser");

// Load the dijits we need.
dojo.require("dijit.form.Button");
dojo.require("dijit.form.TextBox");

// Load the basic MVC support, Output and Group .
dojo.require("dojox.mvc");
dojo.require("dojox.mvc.Group");
dojo.require("dojox.mvc.Output");

var model = dojox.mvc.newStatefulModel({ data : {
    "First" : "John",
    "Last"  : "Doe",
    "Email" : "jdoe@example.com"
}});
.row { width: 500px; display: inline-block; margin: 5px; }
.cell { width: 20%;  display:inline-block; }
<div id="main">
    <div class="row">
        <label class="cell" for="firstnameInput">First:</label>
        <input class="cell" id="firstnameInput" data-dojo-type="dijit.form.TextBox"
               data-dojo-props="ref: model.First"></input>
        <!-- Content in output below will always be in sync with value of textbox above -->
        <span data-dojo-type="dojox.mvc.Output" data-dojo-props="ref: model.First">
            (first name is: ${this.value})
        </span>
    </div>
    <div class="row">
        <label class="cell" for="lastnameInput">Last:</label>
        <input class="cell" id="lastnameInput" data-dojo-type="dijit.form.TextBox"
               data-dojo-props="ref: model.Last"></input>
        <span data-dojo-type="dojox.mvc.Output" data-dojo-props="ref: model.Last">
            (last name is: ${this.value})
        </span>
    </div>
    <div class="row">
        <label class="cell" for="emailInput">Email:</label>
        <input class="cell" id="emailInput" data-dojo-type="dijit.form.TextBox"
               data-dojo-props="ref: model.Email"></input>
        <span data-dojo-type="dojox.mvc.Output" data-dojo-props="ref: model.Email">
            (email is: ${this.value})
        </span>
    </div>
    <br/>
    Model:
    <button id="reset" type="button" data-dojo-type="dijit.form.Button" data-dojo-props="onClick: function(){model.reset();}">Reset</button>
</div>
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